Le diabète, la recherche et l'accompagnement.

Diabetes, Research and Support


Every day, your two kidneys filter about 120 to 150 liters of blood to produce about 1 to 2 liters of urine. Urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder through tubes called ureters. The bladder stores urine before it is discharged.


When you have diabetes, it is essential to take care of your kidneys. They do important work of filtering waste from the body they eliminate your blood. Diabetes can damage the kidneys and cause them to stop working. It is the leading cause of kidney failure. Nearly a third of people with diabetes develop diabetic nephropathy associated with other longstanding disease, like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and atherosclerosis (vessel disease).

Diabetics are also more likely to have kidney problems, such as bladder infections and nerve damage to the bladder. In the case of type 2 diabetes, some patients already have kidney disease when they are diagnosed with diabetes. For type 1 diabetes, kidney disease often begins in the first 10 years after diagnosis of diabetes.


How diabetes damages the kidneys?

With diabetes if you have high blood sugar your kidneys work more actively to filter blood. Over time, this work can damage your kidneys, causing leakage of small amounts of protein in your urine. When damages are greater the leakage of protein in your urine increases, your blood pressure rises too. The waste is then deposited in your blood. If you do not treat this disease, your kidneys may stop working. If your kidneys are not fully able to perform this filtering, you will need a machine (dialysis) to filter it or a kidney transplant.


Do you know if you have kidney damage?


There are very few symptoms of kidney disease until your kidneys stop working. One of the first signs is the accumulation of fluid. You may have swollen ankles, abnormal weight gain, or you may need to urinate more often. You may also have trouble sleeping or concentrating. These symptoms are, however, not very accurate. That is why it is important to consult a doctor for regular kidney tests if you have diabetes.


The most common symptoms are:


• Swelling of the hands, feet and face

• Sleep disorders or concentration

•Loss of appetite


• State of weakness

• Abnormalities of the regular rhythm of the heart, caused by the increased blood potassium

•Muscle cramps

• Itching (end stage renal disease) and extreme dry skin

• Drowsiness (end-stage kidney disease)


As kidney damage progressing without you knowing it, they end up not being able to remove waste from the blood. These waste reaches toxic levels, such as uremia. People with uremia are often confused or comatose.

Kidney lesions can be detected early by the rate of protein content in urine. Treatments are available that can help slow the progression of the renal failure. That is why it is essential to analyze your urine regularly if you have diabetes.

The stage kidney failure requiring treatment by dialysis or kidney transplantation.


Blood pressure.


High blood pressure can be a sign of kidney problems. Your doctor will tell you what levels are best for you. When blood tests, estimated glomerular filtration rate check how your kidneys are able to filter the blood. Urine tests will check the levels of protein, creatinine and albumin. Abnormal levels may show signs of kidney damage.


The treatment of kidney disease.


If you have diabetes and kidney damage, there are possible things to do to treat and prevent the kidneys from deteriorating further. Start with a change in lifestyle is the most important thing for a diabetic not only for kidneys but for the management of the disease in general. Eating healthy and doing regular exercise to improve your blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol. This will affect the way your kidneys work. Your doctor may suggest a diet low in protein, salt and fat. It is also important to reduce the amount of alcohol you drink and if you smoke, it is equally important to stop.


Medicines called ACE inhibitors (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors and blockers of the angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) can help control your blood pressure and slow kidney damage. Also be careful not to take too many painkillers against anxiety, stress and insomnia. The use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen or naproxen regularly see a daily, can lead to kidney damage. Check your blood sugar regularly at home so you can keep your diabetes under control.


10 ways to protect his kidneys.


1. Drink enough water. This is the most important step to keep a strong back. At a minimum, I recommend you drink 60 ml of water per kilogram of weight, so a 80 kg man, should drink 4 liters of water every day. Drink more after strenuous exercise or if you live in a dry climate.


2. Take probiotics daily. Probiotics (good bacteria) help the treatment of waste and contribute to the overall digestive health. A recent clinical trial involving patients with chronic kidney disease showed that the group taking probiotics improved test results of kidney function and overall quality of life.


3. Reduce your consumption of phosphorus. When the kidneys are not working well, phosphorus accumulated in the body causes potentially serious diseases, such as bone disease and heart disease, and calcification (hardening) of the tissue. Phosphorus is found in most foods, but soft drinks and prepared, processed foods are particularly rich in phosphorus. You only need 800 mg to 1200 mg of phosphorus per day. Higher amounts are eliminated from the body by the kidneys.


4. Drink green juice. Most greens are involved in detoxification. Coriander juice, herb friend kidneys, lemon juice and honey. Eat foods that support the kidneys in addition to the cilantro, parsley is excellent. But you can also try:


• Watermelon

• Cranberries

• Blueberries


• Apples


• Cauliflower

• Peppers

• Garlic


•Olive oil


5. Lose weight. Obesity is associated with an increased risk of developing renal problem.


6. Avoid analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs, in particular non-steroid, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and acetaminophen. These products are very difficult to remove to the kidneys. Even worse, the researchers found that these drugs increase the risk of developing kidney cancer. Never mix these drugs and alcohol.


7. Take a bath in Epsom salts. This is a basic measure of detoxification. Removing waste and toxins give your kidneys a boost while improving your overall health.


8. Check your blood. Hypertension and diabetes are two major threats to your kidney function. Controlling your blood sugar and blood pressure are your best paris for the maintenance of normal kidney function.


9. Stop smoking. Toxins damage your kidneys.


10. Make exercise regularly. Sweating is also a way to eliminate toxins.


Taking care of her kidneys is a worthy goal, we must make the necessary changes in his life to protect these vital organs.


Patrick Rossi